Philippe LEFEVRE, PhD

Full Professor of Biomedical Engineering
Université catholique de Louvain

Institute of Information and Communication Technologies, Electronics and Applied Mathematics (ICTEAM) and Institute of Neuroscience (IoNS)
Avenue Georges Lemaître 4, bte L4.05.01
B-1348 Louvain-la-Neuve
Belgium 
Phone: +32 10 47 23 82
Fax: +32 10 47 21 80
Directions: GPS coordinates : 50.66929, 4.624458
D-9 on the map (Euler is building 3a): click here
E-mail: Philippe.Lefevre@UCLouvain.be 
URL: http://perso.uclouvain.be/philippe.lefevre

FUTURE EVENTS: 


RECENT EVENTS: 

  • Public defense PhD thesis David Cordova: "Using robust and optimal control theory to understand hand dominance and bimanual coordination". Friday December 1st 2017 @ 16h30, Barb 94, LLN click here 
  • Public defense PhD thesis Allan Barrea: "Finger pad mechanics, tactile signals and dexterous manipulation". Monday November 27th 2017 @ 16h30, Barb 93, LLN click here
  • Symposium on "Touch and Grip". Speakers: Benoît Delhaye, Hannes Saal, Ingvars Birznieks, Cagatay Basdogan, Olivier White, Jeroen Smeets and Steve Scott. Tuesday October 3rd, 2017, 13:00-18:00, Maisin auditorium, Brussels click here.
  • Symposium on "Motor control and object manipulation". Speakers: Frédéric Danion, Frédéric Crevecoeur, Joseph McIntyre and Thibault Giard. Thursday February 18th, 2016, 13:30-18:00, click here.
  • PhD Thesis Thibault Giard: "Grip force adaptation to static and dynamic torques during object manipulation". February 18th, 2016, 16:15, Auditorium SUD11, Louvain-la-Neuve, click here
  • Symposium on "Motor Control of Vision". Speakers: Andrew Gordon, Jean-Jacques Orban de Xivry, Guillaume Masson and Caroline Ego. Monday July 20, 2015, 13:30-18-30. For details, click here.
  • PhD Thesis Caroline Ego: "Maturation of visual tracking in typically developing children and individuals with cerebral palsy and autism spectrum disorder". July 20, 2015, 16:30, Auditorium Carnoy, Louvain-la-Neuve.
  • Symposium on "Touch". Speakers: Vincent Hayward, Benoni B. Edin and Benoît Delhaye. Friday October 31st, 2014, 14:30-18:30. For details, click here
  • PhD Thesis Benoît Delhaye: "Skin mechanics involved in dynamic touch". October 31st, 2014, 17:00, Auditorium BARB 94, Louvain-la-Neuve: click here.

 

PAST EVENTS: click here

NEW OPEN POSITIONS: PhD level: click here


Biography 

  • 2018/07-2019/02: Visiting Professor, Queen's University, Kingston
  • 2014-2015: Vice-President, ICTEAM institute
  • 2011- : Full Professor, Biomedical Engineering, UCLouvain
  • 2010-2015: Head of the Department of Mathematical Engineering
  • 2007-2012: Chair, Program committee in Biomedical Engineering
  • 2006-2011 : Professor, UCLouvain
  • 2003-2004: Visiting Scientist (sabbatical), National Eye Institute, NIH, Bethesda
  • 1997- 2006: Research Associate, FNRS.
  • 1995-1997: Postdoctoral fellow, Lab. of Sensorimotor Res., NEI, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda MD, USA.
  • 1993-1995: Postdoctoral Researcher, FNRS, CESAME, UCLouvain, Belgium.
  • 1992 : PhD in Applied Sciences, CESAME, UCLouvain, Belgium
  • 1990-1991: PhD student, Dept. Biomed. Eng., McGill Univ., Canada
  • 1983-1988: Electrical Engineer, UCLouvain, Belgium.

Research
Interests

  • Interaction between vision and the neural control of movement.
  • Modeling of the oculomotor and motor systems.
  • Experimental and clinical study of eye and head movements.
  • Eye-Hand coordination.
  • Biomechanics of finger object interaction.

Current
Research 
Projects 

  • Perception and action in complex dynamic environments. 
  • Experimental and theoretical study of the interaction between saccades and smooth pursuit eye movements. 
  • The role of prediction and anticipation in smooth pursuit and saccade programming.
  • Bimanual coordination in motor control.
  • The interaction between haptic and visual information in eye-hand coordination.
  • The role of finger pad mechanics in tactile perception and dexterous object manipulation.
  • Eye movements in patients (amblyopia, Duane, ...).
  • Eye movements in cerebral palsied and premature children (JED).
  • Influence of micro-gravity on dexterous manipulation (ESA):  https://youtu.be/_783SofVVs8
  • Micro-gravity and object manipulation: a scientific adventure (émission "Matière Grise", in French): click on "play" below.

Recent
Publications [2018-2010]

==========

Full list:click here 

  • Opsomer L, Théate V, Lefèvre P, Thonnard JL (2018). Dexterous manipulation during rhythmic arm movements in Mars, Moon and micro-gravity. Frontiers in Physiology, DOI: 10.3389/fphys.2018.00938.
  • Barrea A, Delhaye B, Lefèvre P, Thonnard JL (2018). Perception of partial slips under tangential loading of the fingertip. Scientific Reports, in press.
  • Deravet N, Blohm G, Orban de Xivry JJ, Lefèvre P (2018). Weighted integration of short term memory and sensory signals in the oculomotor system. Journal of Vision, in press.
  • White O, Thonnard JL, Lefèvre P, Hermsdörfer J (2018). Grip Force adjustments reflect prediction of dynamic consequences in varying gravitoinertial fields. Frontiers in Physiology, DOI: 10.3389/fphys.2018.00131.
  • Cordova Bulens D, Crevecoeur F, Thonnard JL, Lefèvre P (2018). Optimal use of limb mechanics distributes control during bimanual tasks. Journal of Neurophysiology, 119:921-932.
  • Crevecoeur F, André T, Thonnard JL, Lefèvre P (2017). Supremacy of mature over juvenile primates in high precision motor control. Experimental Bowling Research, 166(172):207-246.
  • Crevecoeur F, Barrea A, Libouton X, Thonnard JL, Lefèvre P (2017). Multisensory Components of Rapid Motor Responses to Fingertip Loading. Journal of Neurophysiology, 118:331-343.

  • Orban de Xivry JJ, Legrain V, Lefèvre P (2017). Overlap of movement planning and movement execution reduces reaction time. Journal of Neurophysiology, 117:117-122.

  • Orban de Xivry JJ, Lefèvre P (2016). A switching cost for motor planning. Journal of Neurophysiology, 116:2857-2868.

  • Barrea A, Córdova Bullens D, Lefèvre P, Thonnard JL (2016). Simple and reliable method to estimate the fingertip static coefficient of friction in precision grip. IEEE Transactions on Haptics, 9(4):492-498.

  • Ego C, Bonhomme L, Orban de Xivry JJ, Da Fonseca D, Lefèvre P, Masson GS, Deruelle C (2016). Behavioral characterization of prediction and internal models in adolescents with autistic spectrum disorders. Neuropsychologia, 91:335-345.
  • Crevecoeur F, Thonnard JL, Lefèvre P, Scott SH (2016). Long-latency feedback coordinates upper-limb and hand muscles during object manipulation tasks. eNeuro, 3(1), 0129-15.2016.
  • Delhaye B, Barrea A, Edin BB, Lefèvre P, Thonnard JL (2016). Surface strain measurements of fingertip skin under shearing. Journal of the Royal Society Interface, 13 (115), 20150874.
  • Ego C, Yüksel D, Orban de Xivry JJ, Lefèvre P (2016). Development of internal models and predictive abilities for visual tracking during childhood. Journal of Neurophysiology, 115:301-309.
  • Giard T, Crevecoeur F, McIntyre J, Thonnard JL, Lefèvre P (2015). Inertial torque during reaching directly impacts grip-force adaptation to weightless objects. Experimental Brain Research, 233:3323-3332.
  • Orban de Xivry JJ, Lefèvre P (2015). Formation of model-free motor memories during motor adaptation depends on perturbation schedule. Journal of Neurophysiology, 113: 2733–2741.
  • Murdison TS, Leclercq G, Lefèvre P, Blohm G (2015). Computations underlying the visuomotor transformation for smooth pursuit eye movements. Journal of Neurophysiology, 113:1377-1399.
  • Van Belle G, Lefèvre P, Rossion B (2015). Face inversion and acquired prosopagnosia reduce the size of the perceptual field of view. Cognition, 136:403-408.
  • Ego C, Orban de Xivry JJ, Nassogne MC, Yüksel D, Lefèvre P (2015). Spontaneous improvement in oculomotor function of children with cerebral palsy. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 36:630-644.
  • Delhaye B, Lefèvre P, Thonnard JL (2014). Dynamics of fingertip contact during the onset of tangential slip. Journal of the Royal Society Interface, 11: 20140698.
  • Daye PM, Optican LM, Blohm G, Lefèvre P (2014). Hierarchical control of two-dimensional gaze saccades. Journal of Computational Neuroscience, 36:355-382.
  • Crevecoeur F, McIntyre J, Thonnard JL, Lefèvre P (2014). Gravity-dependent estimates of object mass underlie the generation of motor commands for horizontal limb movements. Journal of Neurophysiology, 112:384-392.

  • Daye P, Blohm G, Lefèvre P (2014). Catch-up saccades in head-unrestrained conditions reveal that saccade amplitude is corrected using an internal model of target movement. Journal of Vision, 14(1):12, 1-18.

  • Orban de Xivry JJ, Coppe S, Blohm G, Lefèvre P (2013). Kalman filtering naturally accounts for visually-guided and predictive smooth pursuit dynamics. Journal of Neuroscience, 33:17301-17313.
  • Leclercq G, Blohm G, Lefèvre P (2013). Accounting for direction and speed of the eye motion in planning visually guided manual tracking. Journal of Neurophysiology, 110:1945-1957,
  • Ego C, Orban de Xivry JJ, Nassogne MC, Yüksel D, Lefèvre P (2013). The saccadic system does not compensate for the immaturity of the
    smooth pursuit system during visual tracking in children. Journal of Neurophysiology, 110:358-367.
  • Leclercq G, Lefèvre P, Blohm G (2013). 3D kinematics using dual quaternions: theory and applications in neuroscience. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, DOI: 10.3389/fnbeh.2013.00007.
  • Adams MJ, Johnson SA, Lefèvre P, Lévesque V, Hayward V, André T, Thonnard JL (2013). Finger pad friction and its role in grip and touch. Journal of the Royal Society Interface, 10: 20120467.
  • de Hemptinne C, Ivanoiu A, Lefèvre P, Missal M (2013). How does Parkinson's disease and aging affect temporal expectation and the implicit timing of eye movements? Neuropsychologia, 51:340–348.
  • Daye PM, Blohm G, Lefèvre P (2012). Target motion direction influence on tracking performance and head tracking strategies in head-unrestrained conditions. Journal of Vision, 12(1):23, 1-12.
  • Badler JB, Lefèvre P, Missal M (2012). Divergence between oculomotor and perceptual causality. Journal of Vision, 12(5):3,1-15.
  • Leclercq G, Blohm G, Lefèvre P (2012). Accurate planning of manual tracking requires a 3D visuomotor transformation of velocity signals. Journal of Vision, 12(5):6, 1-21.
  • Delhaye B, Hayward V, Lefèvre P, Thonnard JL (2012). Texture-induced vibrations in the forearm during tactile exploration. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, DOI: 10.3389/fnbeh.2012.00037.
  • White O, Lefèvre P, Wing AM, Bracewell RM, Thonnard JL (2012). Active collisions in altered gravity reveal eye-hand coordination strategies. PLoS ONE, 7(9): e44291.
  • Coppe S, Orban de Xivry JJ, Yüksel D, Ivanoiu A, Lefèvre P (2012). Dramatic impairment of prediction due to frontal lobe degeneration. Journal of Neurophysiology, 108:2957-2966.
  • Crevecoeur F, Sepulchre RJ, Thonnard JL, Lefèvre P (2011). Improving the state estimation for optimal control of stochastic processes subject to multiplicative noise. Automatica, 47, 591–596.
  • André T, Lévesque V, Hayward V, Lefèvre P, Thonnard JL (2011). Effect of skin hydration on the dynamics of fingertip gripping contact. Journal of the Royal Society Interface, 8(64):1574-83.
  • White O, Thonnard JL, Wing AM, Bracewell RM, Diedrichsen J, Lefèvre P (2011). Grip force regulates hand impedance to optimize object stability in high impact loads. Neuroscience, 189, 269–276.
  • Van Belle G, Busigny T, Lefèvre P, Joubert S, Felician O, Gentile F, 
    Rossion B (2011). Impairment of holistic face perception following 
    right occipito-temporal damage in prosopagnosia: converging evidence 
    from gaze-contingency. Neuropsychologia, 
    49(11):3145-50.

  • Crevecoeur F, Giard T, Thonnard JL, Lefèvre P (2011). Adaptive control of grip force to compensate for static and dynamic torques during object manipulation. Journal of Neurophysiology, 106:2973-2981.
  • Cirilli L, de Timary P, Lefèvre P, Missal M (2011). Individual differences in impulsivity predict anticipatory eye movements. PLoS ONE, 6(10): e26699.
  • André T, Lefèvre P, Thonnard JL (2010). Fingertip moisture is optimally modulated during object manipulation. Journal of Neurophysiology, 103, 402-408.
  • Daye PM, Blohm G, Lefèvre P (2010). Saccadic compensation for smooth eye and head movements during head-unrestrained 2D tracking. Journal of Neurophysiology, 103, 543-556.
  • Orban de Xivry JJ, Coppe S, Lefèvre P, Missal M (2010). Biological motion drives perception and action. Journal of Vision, 10(2):6, 1-11.
  • Van Belle G, de Graef P, Verfaillie K, Rossion B, Lefèvre P (2010). Face inversion impairs holistic perception: evidence from gaze-contingent stimulation. Journal of Vision, 10(5):10, 1-13.
  • Bennett SJ, Orban de Xivry JJ, Lefèvre P, Barnes GR (2010). Oculomotor prediction of accelerative target motion during occlusion: long-term and short-term effects. Experimental Brain Research, 204, 493-504.
  • Van Belle G, Ramon M, Lefèvre P, Rossion B (2010). Fixation patterns during recognition of personally familiar and unfamiliar faces. Frontiers in Psychology, 1(20):1-8.
  • Crevecoeur F, McIntyre J, Thonnard JL, Lefèvre P (2010). Movement stability under uncertain internal models of dynamics. Journal of Neurophysiology, 104, 1301-1313.  
  • Crevecoeur F, Thonnard JL, Lefèvre P (2010). Sensorimotor mapping for anticipatory grip force modulation. Journal of Neurophysiology, 104, 1401-1408.
  • Badler JB, Lefèvre P, Missal M (2010). Causality attribution biases oculomotor responses. Journal of Neuroscience, 30, 10517-10525
  • Coppe S, Orban de Xivry JJ, Missal M, Lefèvre P (2010). Biological motion influences the visuomotor transformation for smooth pursuit eye movements. Vision Research, 50, 2721-2728.
  • Blohm G, Lefèvre P (2010). Visuomotor velocity transformations for smooth pursuit eye movements. Journal of Neurophysiology, 104, 2103–2115.
  • Van Belle G, Lefèvre P, Laguesse R, Busigny T, de Graef P, Verfaillie, K, Rossion B (2010). Feature-based processing of personally familiar faces in prosopagnosia: Evidence from eye-gaze contingency. Behavioural Neurology, 23, 255-257.
  • Yüksel D, Orban de Xivry JJ, Lefèvre P (2010). Review of the major findings about Duane Retraction Syndrome (DRS) leading to an updated form of classification. Vision Research, 50, 2334-2347.
  • Khan AZ, Lefèvre P, Heinen SJ, Blohm G (2010). The default allocation of attention is broadly ahead of smooth pursuit. Journal of Vision, 10(13):7, 1-17.

Teaching 

Bachelor

Master

BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING: for an overview (french), click here
  • LGBIO 1112     Introduction au Génie Biomédical
  • LFSAB 1506     Projet 4 (en Génie Biomédical) (coord.)
  • LGBIO 1114     Organes Artificiels et Rehabilitation
  • LGBIO 2060     Modelling of Biological Systems
  • LGBIO 2110     Introduction to Clinical Engineering
  • LGBIO 2220     Industrial project in Biomedical Engineering

People 

  • Alexandre J.F. Coimbra obtained his PhD in 1999. He is currently working at Merck & co. (West Point, PA).
  • Sophie de Brower obtained her PhD in 2001. She is currently working for Socar Research, a clinical research company.
  • Gunnar Blohm obtained his PhD in 2004. He obtained a Marie Curie Fellowship and did a Postdoc at York University with Doug Crawford. He is currently Assistant Professor at Queen's University (Kingston, Canada).
  • Renaud Ronsse obtained his PhD in 2007. He did a first postdoc in the lab of Stephan Swinnen (KULeuven, Belgium) and a second postdoc in the lab of Auke Ijspeert (Biorobotics Lab., EPFL). Renaud is now Assistant Professor at UCLouvain (iMMC) since 2011.
  • Olivier White obtained his PhD in 2007. He did a postdoc in the lab of Jörn Diedrichsen (Bangor, UK). He worked for the European Science Foundation (ESF) and is now Associate Professor at the Université de Bourgogne (Dijon).
  • Jean-Jacques Orban de Xivry obtained his PhD in 2007. He did a postdoc in the lab of Reza Shadmehr (JHU, USA) and then obtained a fellowship from IRSIB ("Brains Back to Brussels" program) in my lab. He is now Assistant Professor at KULeuven (since 2014).
  • Demet Yuksel obtained her PhD in 2009. She is currently the head of the strabology unit at St Luc Hospital (UCLouvain, Belgium).
  • Frédéric Crevecoeur obtained his PhD in 2010. He did a postdoc in the lab of Steve Scott (Queen's University, Kingston, Canada). He is now Research Associate (FNRS) and Assistant Professor at UCLouvain (ICTEAM/INMA and IoNS/COSY) since 2017.
  • Thibaut André obtained his PhD in 2010. He worked for Arsalis (a spin-off of UCLouvain) and is currently working for Thales Alenia Space.
  • Pierre Daye obtained his PhD in 2010. He did a postdoc at the National Eye Institute and is currently doing a second postdoc in Paris.
  • Jeremy Badler obtained his PhD in 2011
  • Guillaume Leclercq obtained his PhD in 2013. He is currently working for N'Side company.
  • Sébastien Coppe obtained his PhD in 2012. He is currently working for N'Side company.
  • Goedele Van Belle did a Post Doc in 2009-2014 (co-supervision: Dr Bruno Rossion, Chargée de recherches FNRS, UCLouvain). 
  • Benoit Delhaye obtained his PhD in 2014. He is currently doing a postdoc with Sliman Bensmaia (Univ. Chicago).
  • Caroline Ego obtained her PhD in 2015. She is a Biomedical Engineer (UCLouvain, Belgium).
  • Thibault Giard obtained his PhD in 2016. He is a Biomedical Engineer (UCLouvain, Belgium).
  • Nicolas Deravet started his PhD in 2012.
  • Vincent Théate worked as an engineer from 2009 to 2016 to prepare the GRIP experiment funded by ESA (launched to the ISS in 2017).
  • Allan Barrea obtained his PhD in 2017. He is an electromechanical engineer.
  • David Cordova obtained his PhD in 2017. He is an electromechanical engineer.
  • Florian Salmen started his PhD in 2013.
  • Laurent Opsomer started his PhD in 2016.
  • Antoine De Comité, Félicien Schiltz and Ghady El Khoury started their PhD in 2017.
  • Irene Kuling is currently doing a postdoc in my group (Rubicon grant from NWO, The Netherlands).

Links

Dynamical systems, control and optimization (Interuniv. Attraction Pole)
Fondation JED
INMA
UCLouvain



Author:  Philippe LEFEVRE